(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Heritage Lodge no. 730, A.F. & A.M., G.R.C. : proceedings 1993-1994"

The Heritage Lodge 

No. 730, A.F. & A.M., G.R.C 




Instituted: September 21, 1977 
Constituted: September 23, 1978 

PROCEEDINGS 

Vol. 17, 1993- 1994 



Worshipful lUaster: 

W.Bro. David G. Fletcher 
Editor: 

W.Bro. John F. Sutherland 



20 Fairview Cr. 
Woodstock, Ont., Canada 

N4S 6L1 
(519) 537-2927 



My Brethren: 

We continue to live in 
a time of much change, and 
it is therefore most 
important that we be able to 
hold onto the values that 
have been established over 
the years. 

Freemasonry means so 
much to us that we seek to 
preserve our Order by 
cementing and adorning it 
with all those special values 
that we as Masons have 
come to know and to 
understand. 




The Heritage Lodge has a particular place and duty to assist in the 
preservation of our past so that it may be kept in trust for the future of 
the Craft. I invite all of you to join with us to continue this work. We 
know that there are many and varied talents out there. Please let us 
know how you can help. 



Yours Fraternally 



David G. Fletcher, Worshipful Master 



Initiated 
Wor. Master 
Affiliated 
Affiliated 
Member 



Ozias Lodge # 508 1977 

Ozias Lodge 1983 

Heritage Lodge # 730 1979 

Reba Lodge # 5 1 5 1992 

Lodge of Perfection 

Rose Criox 

Moore Sovereign Consistery 



THE HERITAGE LODGE PROCEEDINGS 



Page No. 65 



EDITORIAL COMMENTS 

I would first like to apologise to Rt. Won Bro. John Storey for 
omitting one of the reviews, to his talk on Irish Freemasonry, last year. 
By having an Annual Proceedings it is easier for me to correct my 
mistake. 

Won Bro. Fletcher indicated in his opening remarks that Heritage 
Lodge is always on the lookout for brethren who want to help. Many 
hands make light work and we can always use extra help in keeping 
this Lodge working to its flillest potential. Each of us have gathered 
skills that could be put to use in Heritage Lodge. Every little bit helps. 

This year in Heritage Lodge did not go by without its share of 
problems. The main one being the cancellation of this years Annual 
Banquet which was to have taken place in Hamilton. As a result we are 
unable to publish the speech that would have been presented. 

It seems that each year the talks intermingle and this year is no 
exception. The Biographies of MacNab and Simpson cross over at the 
same time in history. In the reviews for those talks, the question of 
knowing the exact location of their graves sites arose. This only helps 
to emphasise the concerns raised in Rt.Wor.Bro. Ralph's talk. 

DISCLAIMER 

The contributors to these Proceedings are alone responsible for the 
opinions expressed and also for the accuracy of the statements made 
therein, and do not necessarily reflect the opinions or policies of The 
Heritage Lodge. 



Page No. 66 THE HERITAGE LODGE PROCEEDINGS 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Subject Page 

The Worshipful Master 65 

Editorial Comments 66 

Disclaimer 66 

Table of Contents 67 

Addendum re: Proceedings Vol. 16, pg 23 - 38 
A History of Irish Freemasonry and the Old Guilds 

By John Storey 

Review #3 By S.J. McDermott 68 

Masonic Heritage Sites, Monuments and Plaques 

By Edmund V. Ralph 71 

Sir Allan Napier MacNab, Soldier, Statesman and Freemason 

By Nelson King 98 

Review #1 By Rod J. Connor 106 

Review #2 By W. James Curtis 108 

William B. Simpson Our 3rd Grand Master 

By J. M. Laushway 110 

Review #1 By Donald R. Thornton 116 

Review #2 By Glenn L. Blanchard 119 

Our Departed Brethren 121 

Lodge Officers & Commitees 123 

Application for Affiliation 125 

Application for Corresponding Subscriber 127 



THE HERITAGE LODGE PROCEEDINGS Page No. 67 



ADDENDUM TO PROCEEDINGS VOL. 16 

History of Irish Freemasonry 

aiui fiie bid Guilds 

by 

Rt. Wor. Bro. John Storey 



THIRD REVIEW - by S. J. McDermott 

I am honoured to have been invited to review John's paper, 
which you have, with much eloquence, just heard. Its preparation as 
can be appreciated needed extensive research and thereafter great skill, 
understanding, and craftsmanship to condense volumous amounts of 
information into a most informative and delightfully comprehensive 
paper. One can say that John has plenty of time on his hands but 
nothing could be further from the truth. He and his good wife are 
workaholics and whether in pursuit of their engaging hobbies, or their 
many other interests, the hours of the day I am certain are often too 
little. 

The Irish Guilds, as described by John, give a very clear message 
of their importance as their membership can be identified with the 
finest craftsmen whose works of architecture are viewed with awe to 
the present day. It is said that the three hundred years from the 5th to 
the 8th centuries was an era when "the land flowed with milk and 
honey". This period is known in Irish history as the GOLDEN AGE. 
It was during this time that education flourished and teachers went 
abroad to the continent of Europe together with the most skilled 
craftsmen of the day. They left their mark by playing their parts in the 
building of magnificent Cathedrals, Monasteries, and other architec- 
tural works of art "from the Pymees to the Urals". Ireland, during that 
period, was also known as "The Island of Saints and Scholars". Are 
we to believe that this great era came about by chance? Surely not. 
The very cohesiveness of design and accomplishment of the period 
suggests a command and control network, a mastery and tutelage of 
the skills of tlie day, that could only be preserved and inculcated 
through a Gild system, otherwise it could hardly have flourished as it 

Page No. 68 ADDENDUM TO PROCEEDINGS VOL. 16 



had. Is it not remarkable that even with modem technology the 
creations of those craftsmen of old, witli tlieir traditional working 
tools, cannot be excelled? At the end of the three hundred years the 
Normans invaded ireland and that event brought the Golden Age to 
a close, however its legacy remains as part of Europe's history. 

Despite the turbulence of Irish history the Gild system had a 
solid footing in Ireland with fme examples in architecture as described 
by John. He made reference to the old brass square found when a 
bridge over the River Shannon was being demolished. It is known as 
the Baal's Bridge Square ajid it is dated 1507. It is one of the 
treasures of Ancient Union Lodge No. 13 in Limerick whose warrant 
is dated 1732. 

Perhaps it is of interest here to mention, in exemplification of the 
gilds in general, the story of the Four Crowned Martyrs. In the year 
298 A.D. five highly skilled sculptors defied the Emperor of Rome by 
refusing to fashion a statue of the heathen God Aesculapius. The 
Emperor, incensed by the temerity of these Christian Craftsmen, 
ordered that they be buried alive in leaden coffins and thrown into the 
River Tiber. After 42 days the caskets were recovered by a fellow 
Christian, Nicodemus. In the year 300 A.D. when the statue was 
completed by other workmen the city militia were ordered to offer 
incense but four Christian soldiers reftised and so were scourged to 
death. Their bodies were thrown to the dogs but were rescued and 
buried with the saints. In 1313 Pope Melchiades built a Basilica to 
house the relics dedicated to "the Four Crowned Ones and the Five 
Sculptor Martyrs". But as it is known as the Four Crowned Ones the 
Five became blended with the four. The Four Crowned Ones in Latin 
is known as Quatuor Coronati. Needless to say Quatuor Coronati 
Lodge No. 2076 under the United Grand Lodge of England, con- 
secrated in 1884, is the oldest and best known Lodge of Masonic 
Research in the world. It seems reasonable that a form of Gild existed 
in those ancient times that lived by and for the Ancient Landmarks, 
defending their beliefs with their lives in necessary. 

John's coverage of the Irish Military Lodges is very engaging 
and thorough. Some of the old warrants have been reissued to new 
Lodges around the world, such as Lodge No. 247 which now meets 
in Johannesburg, South Afi-ica. 

ADDENDUM TO PROCEEDINGS VOL. 16 Page No. 69 



Of great interest to me is the story of the Hon. Elizabeth St. 
Leger, (afterwards known as the Hon. Mrs. Aldworth) "the Lady 
Freemason" which is now regarded as authentic. The family name is 
made famous through one of the world's most famous horse races - 
the Leger - run in Doncaster, England, annually since 1776. On one 
particularly fateful day in 1710 she fell asleep in her father's library. 
The house was under renovation so when she awoke she removed a 
few loose bricks to satisfy her curiosity as to what was happening 
next door which was of course the initiation ceremony. She was 
spellbound. She soon realised the seriousness of her actions and her 
only route of escape was via the hall where the family butler acted as 
tyler. He chose loyalty to his Lodge over his young mistress and 
informed Elizabeth's father and brothers who decided the only way to 
resolve the matter was to initiate her. She became a patroness of the 
Craft, and after her death in 1773 the "memory of our Sister Aid- 
worth" was toasted by the Freemasons of keland. 

Whenever a Grand Master was installed in Ireland it was 
customary that he preside in office for the remainder of his life - 
hence there never was a Past Grand Master. That was changed and a 
few short months ago the Marquis of Donegall stepped down after ten 
years and was replaced by his Deputy. The rules have been changed 
to contain the reign of all future Grand Masters to 10 years. The 
Marquis is the first Irish Grand Master not to die in office for more 
than two hundred years. We now have a Past Grand Master and a 
very fine one. 

Having read and re-read John's paper I am going to treasure it, 
not only because of its wealth of information but also because of the 
meticulous manner in which each subject is explained. In other words 
this is the work of a dedicated and most experienced 33 degree Mason 
of the highest standing and prestige. 



Page No. 70 ADDENDUM TO PROCEEDINGS VOL. 16 



MASONIC HEI^TAGI Sp|S, 
MONUMENTS AND PLAQUES 

by 
ILW. Bro. EdmimdV. Ralph 



September 15, 1993 

Hespler Masonic Temple 

Hespler, Ontario 

W.M. Thank you for the opportunity to give this presentation to 
the members of Heritage Lodge, especially since this is the year of 
"Toronto 200." I know how hard you have worked to make this the 
theme of your year. My topic has nothing to do with "Toronto 200"; 
however, it is very much a Heritage subject in the sense that it is 
about history, preservation, documentation, and maintenance of the 
Heritage sites which Masons would want to remember. The overall 
subject is one that I hope you will reflect upon. 

My subject is Masonic Sites, Monuments and Plaques or what I 
would refer to as "the buih heritage" of Freemasonry. 

My interest in this subject began about 1980, when our own 
M.W. Bro. David Bradley was teaching his Deacons' Course and he 
telephoned me to ask if I knew of any places where new Masons 
could go and see some specific community evidence of Freemasonry. 
At that time, I could only refer him to the Peace Monument in the 
Canadian National Exhibition, three buildings displaying the Square 
and Compasses on them in Toronto, and the old Gloucester Street 
Lodge Building. 

THE SEARCH FOR MASONIC HERITAGE MONUMENTS 

It was from this enquiry that I decided to look for evidence of 
masonic sites, monuments and plaques. My search has led me to 
many places. I have met interesting people and have had some 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES Page No. 71 



humorous incidents occur while in search of these monuments. 

My wife has been most patient because I have driven hundreds 
of extra miles, while on vacations, trying to photograph Masonic sites. 
She was not amused once when I took her 1 000 km out of our way. 
We found that I had forgotten the instructions regarding the location 
of the monument. We then drove an additional 300 km in search of 
it. 

On other occasions, I asked a highway crew for the location of 
a Masonic square which was placed on a cliff in Northwestern 
Ontario. After some discussion of what it was and where it may be, 
one of the men said he thought what I was looking for was a 
surveyors marker; it was indeed a Square and compasses high on a 
cliff. 

I took about three years to get a summer picture of a Masonic 
plaque in Coppermine N.W.T. After asking several people, I enquired 
of the Anglican Bishop of the Arctic whose office is in Toronto. My 
request was answered in a few weeks because, unknown to me,the 
stone marker is on the Anglican church property in that village. 

OBJECTIVE OF RESEARCH 

My interest has been primarily to search out those sites, 
monuments and plaques which are Canadian. I would like to use a 
few American examples for the purpose of contrast. It is impossible 
for me to include comprehensive coverage of all the Masonic 
monuments because, in the United States, there are too many; in 
Canada the distances are too great, and the typical Canadian way is 
to not talk much about them. 

Since no comprehensive list of Canadian examples is available, 
I will rely on your knowledge to tell me of any other Sites, Monu- 
ments or Plaques that you may know about. I hope that you will 
convey to me the location and details of other Sites, Monuments or 
Plaques. 

I define a Masonic Heritage site, monument or plaque as one that 
is made by Masons, for Masons, about Masons, and my purpose has 

Page No. 72 MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



these objectives. 

1. To teach new Masons about their Masonic Heritage 
through the use of Masonic sites, monuments and 
plaques. 

This, of course, was the same objective M.W. Bro. David 
Bradley had in the Deacons' Course. 

2. To encourage Heritage Lodge or any Grand Lodge to 
prepare an inventory of Masonic sites, monuments and 
plaques for future generations of Masons. 

It is necessary to do this documentation because, over time 
the enthusiasm for a site often is forgotten, monuments 
deteriorate, and plaques sometimes disappear. The only 
Grand Lodge Jurisdiction which has done this to my 
knowledge is the State of Georgia. 

In order to illustrate my point: Several years ago in the 
Toronto Area, a Lodge wanted to mark the site where their 
first building was located. I had heard about the ceremony 
of dedication too late to attend, but a few weeks after the 
event I found the location, took my camera and went to the 
spot. There were no visible signs on the outside of the store 
front, so I went in and asked about the plaque. The store 
owner had a great deal of hostility towards the Masons. She 
had consented to placing a plaque on the wall by the front 
window, and to a dedication ceremony by the Masons at the 
site. When I arrived a few weeks after the ceremony, the 
sun had melted the glue which held the plaque up and the 
glue had rolled down the wall marking the paint. She very 
proudly told me that she had thrown out the plaque. To- 
day, I doubt if there is any documentation and certainly 
there is no visible plaque. 

3. To encourage Heritage Lodge or any Grand Lodge to 
adopt a conscious policy of placing and to be aware of 
opportunities to plaque. 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES Page No. 73 



On several occasions, I have spoken on this subject at the 
Committee of General Purpose. Jack Pos has told us that 
the building where are Grand Lodge was formed is still 
standing in Hamilton. This could be a place for a Masonic 
plaque. 

A placing policy would require selecting a standard format 
for Masonic plaques, developing a criteria for placing 
plaques, providing sufficient funds to purchase durable 
plaques and for maintaining them, as well as establishing 
professional historic research to ensure the authenticity of 
the plaques and / or monuments. 

4. To encourage Heritage Lodge or any Grand Lodge to 
designate and list our Masonic buildings which have 
some historic or community significance. 

A need exists for more creative co-ordination with public 
authorities to identify our Heritage buildings. I would 
mention the Turret Building, in Hamilton, where the 
Scottish Rite is situated and the Port Credit Masonic Hall 
which is, in my opinion, the oldest building where Masonic 
meetings are held in the Province of Ontario. The interior 
of some of our buildings have some interesting Heritage 
components which are also worth identifying and conser- 
ving. 

Masons have frequently abandoned their Masonic buildings 
for what they thought "were the right reasons." Sometimes 
they have been proven wrong reasons from a heritage 
perspective. We owe it to the bretliren who have gone 
before us to plan more appropriately for the facilities we 
have. Simply, when it comes to our facilities, not enough 
co-ordinated planning is done between ourselves and urban 
planners. 

6. To encourage Heritage Lodge and any Grand Lodge to 
be aware of the necessity to set aside funds for the 
maintenance and preservation of our sites, monuments 
and plaques. 

Page No. 74 MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



We should not entertain the thought of developing a site, 
monument or plaque without concerning ourselves with the 
cost of maintenance. 

7. To encourage members, like you, to watch out for 
existing and potential sites, monuments and plaques, and 
to communicate your ideas to the Heritage Lodge or any 
Grand Lodge about their heritage value. 

If Masons undertake a project, they should document it in 
detail. It is characteristic of the monuments I have studied 
that the records, such as committee minutes, details of the 
artisans, the reasons or the symbolisms are almost nonexis- 
tent. We need to ensure that our monuments are profes- 
sionally researched, appropriately selected and adequately 
endowed so that they may be preserved. Maintenance 
procedures should be provided for those needing refur- 
bishing. 

8. To encourage a flexible and unbiased view of our 
monuments within the context of preservation. 

We will inevitably have to decide amongst ourselves which 
of our monuments are worthy of preservation. The same 
will apply when our monuments are scrutinized by the 
public. As an example, I would refer you to the battle 
which is currently raging about Albert Pike's Monument in 
Washington D.C.. He is the only General from the Con- 
federate Army who has a monument erected to him in 
Washington D.C.. The Prince Hall Masons and other black 
historians are seeking its removal because of his possible 
involvement with the Klu klux Klan. Another example, I 
would refer to is the tearing down of Lenin's Monuments 
in Russia. From my heritage perspective, this is very sad 
and I quote from one writer on the subject. "Don't tear 
down tyrants - destroying monuments to the collective past 
will simply drive evil ideas underground, giving the allure 
of the forbidden." 



MASONIC SITES. MONUMENTS & PLAQUES Page No. 75 



THE VALUE OF MONUMENTS 

This presentation is by no means learned. At best, it deals only 
with Masonic places, events and celebrations which are purely and 
simply Masonic history. If it is not learned, then why do I consider it 
Masonic Education? Explaining this is my most difficult problem so, 
with your cooperation I would like to do it by example. 

Please close your eyes and think about an incident in your life 
experience when you stood by a monument, a memorial, a plaque, 
some man made art, a sculptured art object, building or structure. It 
would be when you were a child at school, a tourist, or at a dedi- 
cation ceremony of some kind. The experience makes you think! You 
may have asked yourself "What was it like in those days?" "What 
would I have done in a similar situation?" "Did that many people 
really die?" "Did that person really do all that?" "How did they do it?" 
You struggle to relate your present culture experience with the culture 
and times of what the monument, you are looking at, represents. 

Your experience may have been that you were really there, if 
you are old enough and you have come back to the spot for some 
reason. You think about what your personal feelings are now and 
were then. You more than likely had a feeling of pride. You may 
have asked yourself why, whether you were there or not. 

You may have had a feeling of wonderment and surprise because 
you learned something you never knew before. You may have walked 
away glad that you came or even indifferent to the subject, but you 
become more knowledgeable for having attended the dedication. This 
is why the men and women built and positioned this object in that 
place where you were standing. They did so that you would remem- 
ber. It is my opinion that Masons can learn by looking at and 
knowing where their built Masonic heritage is. In it all, there is a 
sense of place and pride, as well as a desire to keep remembering. 
These monuments are, therefore worth preserving for future genera- 
tions. This is the reason I would like you to see these monuments. 

Now let us look at some of these Masonic Monuments. I am 
trying to place my emphasis primarily on the heritage significance of 
the monument. The full story behind each of these monuments in this 

Page No. 76 MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



presentation could be the subject of a major Masonic educational 
lecture in itself or even the subject of a book. 

EDITORIAL NOTE - The numbers indicated with each item, 
are the sequence used by Rt. Wok Bro. Ralph. Any inquiry 
about these slides should include the slide number and the 
title or name of the slide. 

PRESENTATION OF SLIDES 

1. THE MOSAIC PAVEMENT - By Bro. Tony Olbrecht, 
Masonic artist. 

POPULAR MASONIC MONUMENTS 

2. STATUE OF ARCHITECTURE - This is the oldest Masonic 
Monument I can find. It dates from before 1738 and is located in 
Kakus, Czechoslovakia, and was built by a Mason. 

Reference:- M.W. Bro. R.E. Junter, RG.M. Alberta, 
Personal Greeting Card. 

3. THE WASHINGTON MONUMENT - Everyone will be 
familiar with this great memorial structure. The Comerstone was laid 
by the Grand Lodge of the District of Columbia in Washington D.C.. 
Note the higher water mark which was the height they reached by the 
time of the Civil War and private subscriptions ceased thus delaying 
the completion of the monument, hi 1882, the Government 
allocated money for its completion. There are about 25 Masonic 
memorial tablet out of two hundred inside the tower. 

Reference:- Your Masonic Capital City, Masonic Associa- 
tion, Pg. 19. 

4 & 5. MORGAN MONUMENT - On September 13, 1882, this 
monument was dedicated to William Morgan at Batavia, New York, 
erected by contributions from Canada and 26 States under the 
auspices of the National Christian Association. 

Reference: - Personal correspondence from Harold M. 
August. 

MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES Page No. 77 




Figure 1 MORGAN MONUMENT, BATAVIA 



Page No. 78 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



This monument has engravings on four sides. The south side reads; 
"sacred to the memory of Wm. Morgan a native of Virginia, and a 
Captain in the War of 1812. A respected citizen of Batavia and a 
Martyr to the freedom of writing, printing and speaking the truth. He 
was abducted from near this spot in the year 1826 by Free Masons 
and Murdered for Revealing the Secrets of the Order." 

6. THE UPTON MEMORIAL - This commemorates the fruition 
of the last Will and Testament of M.W. Bro. Wm. H. Upton Past 
Grand Master of F. & A.M. of Washington whose wish was that all 
Masons regardless of colour, should dwell together as recognized 
Masonic Brethren. This was accomplished in 1991, nearly 93 years 
after Upton recognized the Prince Hall Masons. He had to withdraw 
his proclamation due to the pressure placed on him and he wrote in 
his will: "I desire that no monument except the most simple headstone 
mark my grave until such time as the Grand Lodge of Free and 
Accepted Masons of Washington or some other Grand Lodge now 
recognized by it, shall unite with some organization or those Masons 
commonly known as Negro Masons - or at least with representative 
members of some such organization - in erecting near my grave a 
monument to the memory of myself and my wife." The monument 
with square and compasses was jointly purchased, set in place and 
dedicated by the two Grand Lodges. 

Reference - Washington Masonic Tribune, June 1991, and 
The Phylaxis, Vol. 17, No. 3, 1991. 

7. ERASMUS JAMES PHILLIPS - Dedicated July 11, 1938, at 
the special communication of Grand Lodge of Nova Scotia, at St. 
Paul's cemetery in Halifax. It is a perfect ashlar set on a foundation 
of three steps with engraving on four sides. East : "Bom April 23, 
1708, Member of the House of Assembly, Annapolis County 1755 - 
1760, Died in Halifax Sept. 28. 1760 Buried in St. Paul's Cemetery." 
West : "Erected by the Grand Lodge of Massachusetts in a special 
communication held in Halifax July 11, 1938," North: "Initiated in the 
first Lodge Boston, Massachusetts November 14, 1737, In June 1738 
he became the Founder and Master of the First Masonic Lodge on 
Canadian Soil at Annapolis Royal N.S." South: "Appointed in March 
1738 by Henry Price Provincial Grand Master, for North America as 

MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES Page No. 79 




Figure 2 THE UPTON MEMORIAL 



Page No. 80 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



Provincial Grand Master of the First Provincial Grand Lodge of Nova 
Scotia 1757 - 1780, Erected by the M.W. Joseph Earl Perry, Grand 
Master A.F. & A.M. of Massachusetts." 

Reference: - Erasmus James Phillips, Canadian Masonic 
Research Association, Hon. John Doull, 1954. 

8 & 9. NORTH CAROLINA MASONIC SHRINE Dedicated on 
July 11, 1938 and originally conceived by the Grand Council with the 
idea that "we conceive the idea of a Masonic Marker as a true symbol 
of the Universality of Masonry and therefore, have requested Masons 
of all Countries and States to contribute stones to go therein." In all, 
there are 687 stones varying in weight from one once to 170 pounds. 
Canada's contribution is located on the reverse side of the Monument 
and is from a mine in Sudbury, taken from about a mile down the 
mining shaft. This monument is situated at Black Camp Gap Entrance 
to Great Smoky Mountains National Park which is 17 Miles from 
Waynesville, N.C. 

A series of three, five, seven and nine steps were conceives in 
1941, but not installed until 1948. The Blue Ridge Parkway took over 
the land in 1949. 

Reference:- An Unusual Masonic Marker, The hidiana 
Freemason, December, 1987. 

10 & 11. SAM HUDSON MEMORIAL - Dedicated May 5, 1888, 
in the memory of Bro. Samuel Hudson, a member of Ashlar Lodge #3 
B.C.R., who formed a search and rescue team after a coal mining 
explosion to save the trapped workers. He lost his own life by 
suffocating from the deadly gas when he ventured too far into the 
shaft. It is located in a cemetery in Nanaimo B.C. 

On April 3, 1993, the Grand Lodge held a rededi cation service 
at the monument after it was restored. The broken column is now 
wood because there were insufficient funds to pay for a granite one. 

Reference: - History of the Grand Lodge of British Colum- 
bia, pg. 172. 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES Page No. 81 



12. ROBINSON, KOKOMO, RACEN - This elaborate monument 
marks the highest spot (elevation 10,814 ft.) for a Masonic Lodge in 
the U.S.A., and I believe this is in Arizona. A Lodge in South 
America claims to be the highest Masonic meeting place in the world. 

13. UNITED EMPIRE LOYALISTS - This monument located at 
Belleville , Ontario (Dundas and Pinnacle Streets), commemorates the 
140th anniversary of the landing of the United Empire Loyalists in the 
year 1784. The cornerstone laying ceremony was held June 17, 1924, 
and the monument dedication on September 8, 1924. There are 
numerous examples of cornerstones with the Square and Compasses, 
but the Masons are not taking the interest in these sites which the 
stone laying ceremonies claim or profess to do. 

Reference: - History of Belleville, W.C. Mikel, pg. 299. 

14. 15 & 16. OWL'S HEAD MOUNTAIN - Once a year, since 
1858, Golden Rule Lodge members, with their guests, have been 
climbing this mountain to a unique location at the top. A secluded 
area is made by the rocks where they can hold a lodge meeting. Many 
of the members are Americans and their Lodge is truly international 
because it is built on the border. 

Reference: - Golden Rule Lodge History, No. 5, A,F. & 
A.M., G.R.Q. 

17. THE MASONIC EMBLEM - This interesting item is perched 
some 300 feet fi'om the road, on the site of a cliff on Highway #11 
about 3 miles from the junction at Highway #17, near Reflection 
Lake. Unfortunately, no one to-day knows the reason why this 
monument was erected. It is believed that a man was killed while 
working for the C.N.R. tracks in the 1920's and a memorial was 
placed on the cliff by the local Masons. The one shown in this picture 
was installed with the use of a helicopter An historic marker is 
needed on the side of the road to identify the monument. 

18. THE SILENT WITNESS - This was built by the Masons of 
Gander, Newfoundland, in memory of the American soldiers from the 
101st Airborne Division who died in Canada's worst air disaster on 
December 12, 1985. The monument is at the site of the crash, which 

Page No. 82 MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PUQUES 



>r- ■^•Si?-\v 




*1 



L.% ' .«»''<*3^<' , 



Figure 3 THE SILENT WITNESS 
has been designated "Peace Keeper Memorial Park". 

19. SAMARITAN PLACE - This is an extension of the memorial 
by the Masons who plan to build a retirement home and accom- 
modation for any mourners visiting the site. The capacity of the 
facility is 256, the number of the servicemen killed. 

20. MASONIC PARK - A Mason's seniors residence at St. John's 
Newfoundland, which accommodates non-Masons. 

Reference; - The Philalethes, April 1991, "In Loving 
Memory", Wallace E. McLeod. 



MASONIC TOMBSTONE MONUMENTS 

21. KING SOLOMON PLOT - This is the Masonic burial ground 
in Mount Pleasant Cemetery; 4000 people attended the dedication 
ceremony 100 years ago this year. The plot was purchased 110 years 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



Page No. 83 




Figure 4 KING SOLOMON PLOT 



Page No. 84 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



ago by J. Ross Robertson. Masonic burial grounds are owned in other 
cities, such as Hamihon and London. 

Reference: - King Solomon s Plot, Masonic Board of Relief, 
Toronto. 

22 & 23. WILLIAM MERCER WILSON This is a relatively new 
monument for our first Grand Master, installed by the Grand Lodge 
of Canada. An important Masonic ceremony is held each year at the 
site by Norfolk Lodge #10, G.R.C., where Wilson was a member. 
Currently a movement exists to locate the burial grounds of former 
Prime Ministers of Canada; we should have the same for our Grand 
Masters. 

24 & 25. OTTO KLOTZ - The contribution of Otto Klotz, to 
Freemasonry and to the community in which he lived, is well 
documented in "Whence Come We". I am indebted to Charles F. 
Grimwood for the slide taken in the Preston Cemetery, when he did 
his research on Klotz. The scroll on the top of the tombstone contains 
the Square and Compasses. Charles Grimwood and I ask the question: 
Why is such an elaborate effort made to hide the square and compas- 
ses. 

Reference: - Whence Come We and Heritage Lodge Pro- 
ceedings Volume 1 1 . 

26 & 27. THE MASON'S CHILDREN - There are the Square and 
Compasses on the four comers. The plaque reads: "hi memory of 
Victor and Beatrice Harvey died 1872 age 9-11 years of Diphtheria". 
This monument is situated on the Premier Lester Frost property at 
Dorset, Ontario, and is maintained by the Ministry of Natural 
Resources. As it is not in a cemetery, I think it remains a touching 
symbol of a Mason's dedication to his family. The fact the tombstone 
has lasted so long without proper cemetery maintenance is somewhat 
of a miracle. This monument could be researched further because, 1) 
I would be interested to know more about Bro. Harvey and his family 
and 2) whether the monument has been moved from another place to 
its present location. 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES Page No. 85 



28. UNKNOWN BROTHER - 1 am very curious to know if anyone 
can identify this monument because I am sure most of you have heard 
of it. Located at Jordan Station, Ontario, in the Oaklawn Cemetery; 
it was placed there by the local Masons in 1877 and is known as the 
"Unkown Brother" monument whose body was washed up on the 
shore; he was probably wearing a Masonic ring. This monument needs 
a new plaque and in my opinion, Heritage Lodge should assume a 
lead role. 

Reference: - Whence Come We, Wallace E. McLeod, pg. 220. 

29. JOSIAH HENSEN - Rev. Josiah Hensen (1789 - 1883) was a 
slave who escaped to Canada in 1841 and purchased 200 acres of land 
and established a school known as the British American Institute for 
Fugitive Slaves in the Vicinity of Dresden. Harriet Stowe's book 
Uncle Tom s Cabin, tells of incidents relating to his life and those of 
other slaves. He became a Mason in Boston, during a visit there. On 
his return to Canada, he affiliated with Mount Moria Lodge (Prince 
Hall Affiliated).The Prince Hall Masons gather here once a year as a 
pilgrimage to this Mason, who has the Square and Compasses on his 
grave stone. 

30. UNCLE TOM'S CABIN - This is the house where Josiah 
Hensen lived; it is situated on the property which he once owned and 
is where he is buried. 

Reference; - Newsletter, Grand Lodge of Canada, Wallace 
E. McLeod pg. 18. 

31. REST HAVEN MEMORIAL GARDENS - Located in Toronto, 
at Brimley and Kingston Roads. The Masonic Altar, with the open 
Bible and the Square and Compasses, illustrate private enterprise 
involvement with Freemasonry. (Apparently this cemetery company 
has other Masonic Burial Grounds in Hamilton and London Ont.) 
Upwards of 2000 Masons are buried here, which makes it the largest 
burial ground of Freemasons that 1 am aware of. The current situation 
is that this will no longer exist if there are not more Masons who will 
prearrange their funerals. 

Reference: - Correspondence from Bro. Paul Bissonnette, 1993. 

Page No. 86 MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 




Figure 5 UNKNOWN BROTHER 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



Page No. 87 



32. SIR JOHN A. MacDONALD - This is where Sir John A. 
MacDonald is buried. Neither these burial grounds or Bellevue (his 
home), both National Historic Park Sites, have any indication to the 
public that he was a Mason. 

33, 34 & 35. NEAR THIS SPOT - On page 6, of Masonry in 
Manitoba, it tells of the bronze plaque (dated 1864 and erected 1925 
at Main and Lombard Streets), identifying the Northern Light Lodge, 
which was the first Masonic Lodge in the Red River Settlement 
situated near this spot. When I visited this location all I found were 
four screws on the wall of this building. 

Upon further research the monument was located in the Grand 
Lodge Library; it had been removed from the wall when the original 
building was restored in 1985. It is my opinion that we cannot be too 
careful about insuring there is always a follow through on such 
developments or we will loose more of our Heritage. 

Reference: - Masonry in Manitoba, pg. 6. 

36 & 37. J. ROSS ROBERTSON - This was the home of John Ross 
Robertson. After his first wife died, he married the lady next door; 
this is the only reason I can account for there actually being two 
homes associated with the property. It has been the headquarters for 
the R.C.M.P., and is now a shelter for battered women. 

The plaque was dedicated in 1972. M.W. Bro. Wm. K. Bailey 
was one of the speakers at the banquet. It is one of the few plaques 
in Canada which mentions the Freemasons. 

Reference: - Ontario Heritage Foundation plaque file 
records. 

38. CAPTAIN JOHN CHRISTIE - This monument is located at 
Broad and Meeting Streets in Charlston, South Carolina. It was 
dedicated in 1961 by the Grand Lodge of Michigan, because Captain 
John Christie of the 60 Royal American Regiment was the founder 
and first Worshipftil Master of Zion Lodge No. 1 at Detroit in 1764. 
John Christie died in Antigua, West Indies; his remains were buried 
at this location. Two churches have been built on this site. He was 



Page No. 88 MASONIC SITES. MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



made a Mason in an Officers Lodge in the First Battalion of the 60th 
Regiment; the Lodge name is believed to be Harmony, which operated 
in Quebec in 1 776. I have been trying to make some connections on 
the accuracy of this information, but have been unsuccessful. 

Reference: - The Grand Lodge of Michigan, Robert N. 
Osboume, Grand Secretary. 

39 & 40. LAYER CAKE HALL - This building situated in Bath, 
Ontario, has been used for many purposes; one of these is a Masonic 
Hall. It was built in 1859 and refurbished to the present condition in 
198L The unusual architecture with board and batten construction 
makes it a heritage landmark. 




Figure 6 ARCTIC CIRCLE 

41 & 42. ARCTIC CIRCLE - The first regular Masonic Lodge was 
held north of the Arctic Circle on August 30, 1938. The monument 
was dedicated June 22, 1940 and a copper cylinder containing a 
complete record of the event was placed inside three -foot cairn with 
a brass plaque giving the names of the Masons who participated in the 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



Page No. 89 



historic meeting. J.B. Tytell, of University Lodge and probably the 
last of the North American Explorers, was present, with Wop May, 
DFC, OBE, the famous bush pilot of the era and sergent Henry 
Larsen, R.C.M.P. Commander of the St. Roch (the first ship to 
circumvent the North American Continent). 

Reference: - Grand Lodge of Alberta Bulletin, September 
1940. 

43, 48, 49 & 50. HER MAJESTY'S CHAPEL OF THE MO- 
HAWKS - This Chapel was built in 1785, it was the first Protestant 
church in Ontario. Joseph Brant was a Mason and the Masons of 
Brantford have certainly done their bit in maintaining his Masonic 
Heritage in this chapel. While is a Masonic presence like I have not 
seen before, there is little evidence of what, when, where, why and 
how they have participated in this heritage site. 

There are eight stained glass windows in the chapel and they 
were installed between 1959 and 1962. The artist was Mr. David 
Mitson of Dundas, Ontario; they were made in England by Clayton 
and Bell. The windows depict the life and times of the Indians in this 
area, and also have Masonic symbolism in them. Elliot Moses is the 
only member of the committee whom I can identify as being a Mason. 
The Six Nations do not allow pictures to be taken of the windows, but 
I was able to obtain three from Tom Hill, Curator of the local hidian 
Museum. 

This picture illustrates 250 years of association between the Six 
Nations People, The British Crown and the Canadian Government. 
We see Peter Schuyler, a former Mayor of Albany, New York 
presenting four members of the Five Nations People to Her Majesty 
Queene Anne. Where is the Masonic symbolism. 

The late Susan Hardy in front of the Mohawk Institute as it was 
in 1903. Susan Hardy was a pupil at the Institute where she eventually 
taught for 40 years. 

Reference: - "Her Majesty's Chapel of the Mohawks", 
Brantford, Ontario, Story of Windows. 



Page No. 90 MASONIC SITES. MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



44 & 45. MASONIC PLAGUE, TOMB OF JOSEPH BRANT 

AND SON - It is interesting that the Masonic Foundation of Ontario 
dedicated this plaque in 1984, which was our Provincial Bicentennial. 

Joseph Brant Died in 1807; he was buried in Burlington. His 
body was brought to this site in 1850. 

46 & 47. MASONIC MEMORIAL TO PAULINE JOHNSON - 

Pauline was bom at Chiefswood and died in Vancouver. Note the 
Square and Compasses on the boulder. Her body was cremated and 
the ashes buried in Stanley Park. This is a memorial to her memory. 

Reverse side which has no Square and Compasses. It reads as 
follows: "Pauline Johnson, Bom march 10, 1861, at Cheifswood, Six 
Nation Indian reserve, Died march 7, 1913, Intemed Stanley Park, 
Vancouver, B.C., Brant Chapter I.O.D.E." I have concluded that both 
organizations contributed to the installation of this memorial. 

ACTIVE MASONIC BUILDINGS 

Our masonic buildings are our greatest heritage sites, but the 
question for the ftiture will be their financial viability. If we do not do 
effective heritage planning for these buildings in the immediate future, 
they may not be with us long. I have selected only a few examples. 

51. LONDON - This is a memorial to the World War 1, Masonic 
soldiers who lost their lives. 

52. LONDON - The London Masonic building has the largest 
Masonic Lodge Room in the world. 

53 & 54. PHILADELPHIA - This is a beautiful building architec- 
turally speaking. It was built over one hundred years ago and is 
situated in the centre of the downtown core. It has the Egyptian room 
which took three men seven years to paint and is the best example of 
Egyptian art outside of Egypt. 

55. MONTREAL - This building houses the offices of the Grand 
Lodge of Quebec; it is used by several Lodges. It is famous for the 
Masonic paintings situated in the main foyer. 

MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES Page No. 91 



56. RICHMOND VA. - First building erected for Masonic purposes 
in America and still used for the same function. Circa 1787. 

57. TORONTO - Built in 1917 as a single purpose Masonic 
Temple. It is the largest Masonic building in Ontario. 

58. HAMILTON - This old slide is used to show architectural 
beauty of the Turret Building. 

59. DAWSON N.W.T. - This building was built by the Carnegie 
Foundation and was used as a library prior to being bought for 
Masonic purposes. 

60 & 61 GEORGE WASHINGTON MASONIC NATIONAL 

MEMORIAL - The cornerstone was laid in 1923; its purpose is to 
safeguard the Washington relics in possession of the Alexandria - 
Washington Lodge #22. The Lodge Room is an example of the 
Washington relics held; it is the first display Lodge Room developed 
to interpret Freemasonry. 

PREVIOUS MASONIC BUILDINGS 

62. TORONTO - The Gloucester Masonic Hall buiU in 1898. 
Nineteen years later the Masons moved less than one mile north to 
888 Yonge St.. This building is still very viable. I must add that it is 
not clear to me that Masons actually owned the Gloucester Building. 

63. PRESCOTT - Another very viable building with its Masonic 
symbols still on view to the public. 

64. BRANTFORD - Buih in 1888, and now part of a core city 
redevelopment. 

65. WINNIPEG - Built in 1895, called a Masonic Temple, and now 
a thriving bar, restaurant and disco. 

I feel that viewing this small sample of Masonic buildings no 
longer used for Masonic purposes and thinking about Masons who 
toiled to build them, makes one wonder about the appropriateness of 
the decisions to leave these buildings. Again, my plea is for more 

Page No. 92 MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



appropriate planning on the use of our facilities. 

DISPLAY LODGES 

66. BLACK CREEK PIONEER VILLAGE This building has 
been operational for more than ten years now. 




Figure 7 BLACK CREEK LODGE BUILDING 



67. CALGARY - Grand Lodge of Alberta situated in a pioneer 
village. 

68. EDMONTON - Grand Lodge of Alberta also situated in a 
pioneer village; it is still used as a regular Lodge. 

I have been able to identify about eight of these display Lodges 
in North America. These are probably the most significant windows 
to Freemasonry that we have. They are indeed valuable Masonic sites 
that have to be maintained by the Freemasons on a continuing basis. 
Let us not relegate Freemasonry to the past through this concept. 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



Page No. 93 



PEACE MONUMENTS 




y'^m/::kTz:-?%:. 



^ S^'5i^WH.V--\ , ' 



,- -^^^'i, ^-^ff!?>:«'^5??^.,^s?5- 






"xa'J^vj" "r^,$^^'-^^t'^.. Av*^'' ^/'>",v- iv-' " '5 ''' 



-yig'g>'""," ' / 



s/S't^J^AS 



Figure 8 PEACE MONUMENT, TORONTO 

69 & 70. TORONTO - Donald Jones, historical reporter for the 
Toronto Star, says that this great Bronze statue of the Angel of Peace 
is the grandest of all the sights at the Canadian National Exhibition, 
Toronto. In 1930, a mile long grandstand was built. A gigantic Shriner 
parade took over two hours to pass and then exactly at 3:30 p.m. the 
carillon rang from the Peace Tower, in Ottawa, followed by the voice 
of the Prime Minister, which was carried by radio over loud speakers 
to the 10,000 people present at the dedication of the monument. It is 
a memorial built to portray to the World the years of peace that have 
existed between Canada and the United States. It is also a symbol of 
hope for a lasting peace among all the nations of the world. Carved 
on the back of the monument is "Peace be with you - on you be the 
peace", which is an ancient Christian greeting, revived in the churches 
about 15 years ago and a Shrine motto. The idea was conceived and 
developed by the Imperial Potentate, Leo V. Youngswoth. 

Reference: - "Parade to Glory". O.F. Rush, pg. 224. 



Page No. 94 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



71 TO 75. INTERNATIONAL PEACE GARDENS The idea of 
the Peace Gardens was that of Dr. Henry J. Moore of IsHngton, 
Ontario, who worked for the Ontario Government as a horticulturist. 
The geographic centre of North American continent is very close to 
this location and the land was donated by the Manitoba and North 
Dakota governments. The dedication cerimony was on July 14, 1932. 
50,000 people came to see the unveiling of a stone cairn because at 
that time the gardens were not developed. The organizers obviously 
approached many organizations and out of this came the Masonic 
involvement. 

The Bell Tower was built by the Masons pf North Dakota and 
Manitoba along with Veterans groups. The bell chimes which weight 
20 tons were a gift from the First United Methodist Church in 
Manchester, England. 

The "Eastern Star Chapel of Peace" is placed across the Canadian 
- American border. It was built and dedicated in 1970 and is a 
beautiftil site. 

The Masonic Auditorium building is in the form of a Square and 
Compasses. 

Reference: - Commemorative Guide, International Peace 
Gardens, 50th Anniversary, 1932 - 1982. 

MISCELLANEOUS 

76. 200TH ANNIVERSARY, NIAGRA N0.2 This beautiful 
plaque was placed inside the Lodge Room, in 1992. The best vantage 
point for such a plaque for the Masons would be outside the building, 
because everyone inside the room will know the information. 

77. NED HANLAN - Ned Hanlan was a champion oarsman and a 
Mason. Like many monuments for great men the fact of membership 
in our Order is frequently omitted. This subject could be a slide 
presentation alone. 

78. CHINESE FREEMASONS & DART COON CLUB - These 
are not freenfiasons, but they do have charitable objectives. The 

MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES Page No. 95 



building is on Dundas Street in Toronto. It is a key club for gambling. 

79. DR. SUN YAT-SEN - This monument is in Riverdale Park in 
Toronto. Dr. Sun Yat-Sen, the great Chinese liberator was a Mason 
and few of us will know of this. 

Reference; - The Craft in the East, Christpher Hafftier, pg. 432. 

SUMMARY 

Through these slides it is my hope that I have sensitized you to 
the limitations, accomplishments and disappointments of Freemasons. 
Each Masonic monument does tell history. I ask you to let not future 
generations of Masons and non-Masons ask "What is the meaning of 
these stones." 

As Masons we still need to make our mark in the world for 
generations to come. We, like the Masons who have preceded us, 
must have a deep sense of the eternity of the Craft and we have to 
demonstrate this through our marks for future generations. 

Masonic Heritage does not prevent change. It is a tool for 
retaining our historical resources and using these to enrich our 
understanding of ourselves. Visual items provide an easy access 
between the past and present. They give a sense of continuity to our 
development. We have to make our Masonic Heritage a stimulating 
force in our struggle for Masonic renaissance. 

Masonic Heritage is but one of a number of competing issues in 
Masonry. The retention of our landmarks can be accomplished in a 
variety of ways. 

1. Preservation and restoration of our historic sites. 

2. Collection of artifacts, books and archival material. 

3. Conservation and reuse of our buildings. 

4. Immediate Conservational planning. 

The retention of the past is a contribution to the ftiture. 
Who is responsible? Or, are we all responsible? 



Page No. 96 MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES 



Anyone wishing more detailed information on any of these 
masonic monuments, sites or plaques should write or call; 

Ed Ralph 

215 The Donway West, 

Suite 518, 

Don Mills, Ontario 

M3B 3P5, Canada 
or Tel.;416-447-4152 Fax.;416-447-0924 



MASONIC SITES, MONUMENTS & PLAQUES Page No. 97 



SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB 
SOLDIER, STATESMAN and FREEMASON 

by 

Ww. Bro. Nelson King 



March 6, 1994 

Burlington Lodge #165 

Masonic Temple 

Burlington Ont. 

Allan Napier MacNab, was by birth a Canadian, and was the first 
native bom to hold the office of Provincial Grand Master of Upper 
Canada (1845-1857) and Grand Master of the Ancient Grand Lodge 
of Canada (1857). His Grandfather was Major Robert MacNab of the 
42nd Regiment (Black Watch) and his father Allan served under John 
Graves Simcoe as a Lieutenant in The Queen's Rangers (1st American 
Regiment). During the Revolutionary War, MacNab was wounded 
three times. Later he accompanied Lieutenant Governor Simcoe to 
Newark (Niagara-on-the-Lake) as his Aide-de-camp. Here William 
Jarvis also served as Secretary and Registrar of the Records of the 
Province of Upper Canada, and was the first Provincial Grand Master 
of Masons of Upper Canada. It was here on February 19, 1798, Allan 
Napier MacNab was bom. 

In August 1893 Lieutenant Govemor Simcoe relocated The 
Queen's Ranger (1st American Regiment) and the provincial govem- 
ment from Newark to Muddy York (Toronto). Seven Years later the 
MacNab family, and their two year old son Allan Napier moved their 
homestead to York. Allan senior was employed as a clerk in the office 
of William Jarvis the Provincial Secretary, until he was appointed 
Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Assembly. The family lived 
peacefully and prospered until the morning of April 27, 1812, when 
a fleet of American ships, carrying approximately 2,000 troops, sailed 
through the approaches to the town of York's harbour, and opened 
fire on the fort. The British forces were hopelessly outnumbered, and 
almost all of the men of Grenadier Company of the British 8th 

Page No. 98 SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB 



Regiment were slaughtered on the beach. By nightfall the town had 
fallen and Americans began looting, buming and pillaging. Not only 
were the parliament buildings set afire and the treasury seized, but the 
town's only church, St. James' was looted. The MacNab family, other 
loyal citizens and the balance of the troops were forced to retreat to 
Kingston Upper Canada, a forced march that took two weeks. 

While in Kingston, Allan junior secured a midshipman's berth on 
H.M.S. Wolfe. Shortly afterwards he left the naval branch of His 
Majesty's Service and joined the 100th Regiment. After the buming 
of Newark, it was decided to capture the American Fort Niagra and 
Allan Napier joined the storming party. For his gallantry he was 
awarded an ensign's rank in the 49th Regiment of Foot. Under the 
command of General Rail he took part in the attack on Buffalo, New 
York and then joined his regiment at Montreal, Lower Canada. For 
the balance of the war of 1812 (which ended with the signing of the 
Treaty of Gent, December 24, 1814) he served with conspicuous 
gallantry. 

After the war he was placed on half-pay, and returned to York, 
where he became an article clerk in the law office of The Attorney 
General of the Province. In 1825 he married the daughter of Lieuten- 
ant Daniel Brooke of York. Allan was called to the bar in 1826 and 
moved to Hamilton, Upper Canada, where he entered into practice and 
established his future home. In 1830 Allan was elected to the 
Legislative Assembly representing the County of Wentworth. In 1837 
he was elected Speaker of the Assembly and held this position until 
the union of Upper and Lower Canada in 1841. 



During the Rebellions of 1837 (which took place both in Upper 
and Lower Canada), MacNab took a very active part in York, 
Hamilton and London in suppressing the uprising. He considered it 
not a "rebellion" but an "invasion" financed and abetted by the 
"Nation to the South". The fact that meetings were held in Buffalo at 
which well-known public figures were speakers and the leaders and 
also that volunteers known as "hunters" were permitted to drill at 
Detroit, proved his claim to be well founded. It was thought that these 
"hunters" had some Masonic connection. They were also known as 
"Hunter Lodges" or "Patriot Lodges". These lodges had degrees, 

SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB Page No. 99 



modes of recognition and other ingredients, which some believe were 
masonic. To date there has been no substantial proof of these claims. 

The prompt action taken by Macnab nipped the uprising in the 
bud. The "men of Gore" under his leadership in the Toronto(York), 
Hamilton and London areas, prevented the enemy from getting 
organized and effectively dealt with those who dared to face them. 
The "Caroline" of Buffalo, loaded with men and arms, anchored at 
Navy Island in the Niagra River, awaiting an opportunity to cross to 
Canada, was "cut out" by Commander Drew on MacNab's orders and 
sent adrift over Niagra Falls. The invasion quickly subsided when it 
became evident that it was not to be a "get-rich" junket, as promised 
by William Lyon MacKenzie. MacKenzie had been elected mayor, of 
the newly incorporated City of Toronto (York) in 1834, and now tried 
to seize the city by force. After the Rebellions of 1837 Allan Napier 
MacNab, was knighted by the greatflil Queen for his services to the 
crown. 

Sir Allan Napier MacNab, was made a Mason in St. Andrew's 
Lodge No. I (now No. 16 G.R.C.) on December 14, 184L The 
minutes of the Lodge for that date read: 

"Sir Allan Napier MacNab was then admitted and initiated 
in the first degree." 

He received his Fellowcraft Degree in Barton Lodge, Hamilton 
on January 12, 1842. The minutes of this meeting are sparse. The 
date, names of officers, members and visitors are given, and a list of 
six brethren, including two lines that read: 

"Sir A. N. MacNab, passed to the second degree. Sir A. N. 
MacNab pd. 10/0." 

On December 29, 1842 the Lodge Minute Book reads: 

"Br. MacNab, was raised to the sublime degree of a Master 
Mason." 

In the summer of 1 842 he visited Scotland, and in Edinburgh on 
August 1, 1842, while only a Fellow Craft he received a patent as 

Page No. 100 SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB 



Provincial Grand Master in Canada for the Grand Lodge of Scotland. 
Shortly after that he returned to Canada and gave no indication of the 
honour bestowed on him. In 1844 he returned to England where on 
August 28, 1844, he received the appointment of District Grand 
Master for England of the Provincial Grand Lodge of Canada West. 
Again he returned to Canada and this time gave indication of this 
honour bestowed on him. The reason given for his failure to reveal his 
new Masonic Grand Ranks is that the brethren of Canada generally 
owed allegiance to the Grand Lodge of England, although they were 
generally displeased with Grand Lodge's treatment of them. 

On November he was elected Speaker of t)ie House a position 
that he held until February 1848. 

However, in May 1845, St. Andrew's Lodge, Toronto, resolved 
that it would communicate with the Lodges in Canada West and seek 
to secure their consent that their Wor. Master Thomas Gibbs Ridout, 
should solicit the formation of another Grand Lodge. It was also St. 
Andrew's intention that Ridout be appointed Provincial Grand Master. 

At an emergent meeting of Barton Lodge, in Hamilton on May 
17, 1845, for the first time since he had been made a Master Mason, 
Sir Allan was present. The Lodge was opened in the Third Degree. 
The minutes read as follows. 

"The Lodge was called by order of the W.M. to take into 
consideration a communication received from St. Andrew's 
Lodge, Toronto, soliciting our Lodge co-operate with them 
in petitioning the G.L. of England to appoint Br. T.G. 
Ridout, their W.M., Provincial Grand Master of a Grand 
Lodge in this Province. Our Right Worshipful Brother, Sir 
A.N. MacNab, having produced the Warrant empowering 
him to convene and hold a Provincial Grand Lodge, it was 
moved by Bro. H.R. O'Reilly, and seconded by Bro. R.O. 
Duggan, and unanimously carried': 

"Resolved - that the Secretary be instructed to communicate 
to St. Andrew's Lodge, Toronto, that our worthy and R. 
Worshipftil Bro. Sir A.N. MacNab, having been appointed 
by the Grand Lodge of England to the office of Provincial 

SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB Page No. 101 



Grand Master of Canada West, and our said R. Wor. 
Brother, having in consultation with this Lodge accepted 
the said appointment, and the charter, bearing date the 28th 
August, A.L. 5884, conferring the said appointment, have 
been received by him, this Lodge, taking into consideration 
the respect in which way they hold the R.W. the Grand 
Lodge of England and their acts, as well as the fitness and 
capability of our said R.Wor. Brother for the said office, 
cannot with propriety, if they felt so disposed, second the 
cause proposed by our Brethren of St. Andrew's Lodge. 
And that the W.M. of St. Andrew's Lodge be respectfully 
requested to communicate this information to all Lodges in 
Canada West to whom his Lodge communicated the 
resolution sent to this Lodge, with the least possible delay, 
in order to prevent any misunderstanding among the Craft." 

On August 9, 1845, the Third Provincial Grand Lodge (E.R.) was 
held in Hamilton, with Sir Allan in the chair. This would be the only 
Provincial Grand Lodge Communication that he would attend until 
June 15, 1848. He only attended two other Communications, until 
September 1857 when the Third Provincial Grand Lodge (E.R.) was 
dissolved, and the Ancient Grand Lodge of Canada was formed, with 
him as its Grand Master. In 1854 he played and important role in the 
formation of the Liberal -Conservative alliance and became Premier of 
Canada, a position which he held until April of 1856 when he 
resigned the Premiership due to poor health, and in October 1857 
gave up his seat in the house. 

On June 14, 1858 The Ancient Grand Lodge of Canada was 
united with the Grand Lodge of Canada to form the present Grand 
Lodge Ancient and Accepted Masons of Canada. After amalgamation. 
Sir Allan never again entered a Masonic Lodge. On March 23, 1859 
the Earl of Zetland, Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England, 
acknowledged the jurisdiction of the new Grand Lodge of Canada 
under the direction of M.W. Bro. William Mercer Wilson, who had 
been the Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Canada. 

Later in 1859 Sir Allan left for England where he remained until 
the spring of 1860, when he returned to Canada. After his return he 
was again elected to office and received the Honourary rank of 

Page No. 102 SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB 



Colonel in the British Army, and Honourary Aide-de-camp of Her 
Majesty Queen Victoria. In 1862 he was chosen as the first Speaker 
of the Legislative Council, but after the first session he returned to his 
home "Dundum" in Hamilton where he died on August 8, 1862. 

Sir Allan had been bom and raised in the Anglican faith, his 
father, together with William Jarvis were some of the first pew 
holders of St. James' in Toronto. In the early days of Hamilton, 
before there was an Anglican Church, he was a constant attender and 
pew holder of St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church (now St. Paul's) until 
Christ Church was erected, when he joined that church. However 
during his last illness and after he had become insensible, his 
brother's wife, who had taken charge of his household after the death 
of Mrs. MacNab in 1846, admitted a Roman Bishop, who ad- 
ministered baptism and confirmed Sir Allan in the Roman Catholic 
faith. The Reverend J.G. Geddes, Rector of Christ Church made this 
public the Sunday following Sir Allan's death. In a brief address he 
said that Sir Allan was dead, and that for twenty-seven years he had 
worshipped with that congregation, and that a few weeks before he 
had partaken of Communion with them and was present in Church 
with them the Sunday before his death. The Reverend then told the 
congregation that on Thursday he made three trips to "Dundum" to 
see his friend MacNab but had been tumed away. He had repeated the 
trip on Friday moming and had been told that Sir Allan had become 
a pious Catholic and had been received into the "bosom of the Roman 
Catholic Church". 

The following is from the Hamilton Spectator of August 1 2, 
1862: 

"All that was mortal of the late Sir Allan N. MacNab, 
Bart, Speaker of the Legislative Council, was consigned to 
its last resting place in the family burial ground yesterday 
afternoon. A very general desire had been manifested to 
show every possible mark of respect of the remains of Sir 
Allan, and it was ftilly expected there would be an immense 
gathering on the occasion. An internment with Masonic 
Honours was anticipated, in connection with a tumout of 
the Militia of the District, but, somehow, the object of an 
imposing ceremony was fiiistrated. Rumour stated that the 

SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB Page No. 103 



Honourable Baronet had died a convert of the CathoHc 
Faith. With this no one would have been displeased in case 
the conversion had occurred in the usual manner; but, under 
the circumstances, it was felt that deceit had been practised; 
or, in other words, Sir Allan had been made a convert at a 
moment when not answerable to himself, as he was in a 
state of unconsciousness. How far this may be correct, we 
leave others to say who had been better opportunities of 
judging. This much may venture to state, however, that we 
do not believe that Sir Allan MacNab died a pervert to the 
Protestant Faith; for knowing him as we did, we believe 
him to have been possessed to greater strength of mind that 
to yield, contrary to the convictions of his whole life, and 
become a Roman Catholic. Nay, more, we have the positive 
assertion of Rev. Mr. Geddes that Sir Allan declared that he 
died a Protestant. The day of the fimeral came, and with it 
the greatest excitement in the public mind of this city that 
has ever been witnessed. Strangers arriving here to attend 
the funeral were shocked beyond measure to leam that the 
Catholic prelates had taken charge of the deceased and 
intended to inter him with the rites of their church. Among 
those who came a distance were: - Chief Justice McLean; 
Chief Justice Draper; Chancellor Vankoughet; Hon. J.H. 
Cameron; Hon. W. Caley; Hon. J.B. Robinson; John 
Crawford, M.RR; T.C. Street, M.RR; W. Ryerson, M.RR; 
Hon. D. Christie; John White; etc. A parley was held as to 
who was to officiate, and the Roman Catholic stated that 
they were taking charge, but the funeral was already one 
hour late. All Protestants left the premises, and the hearse 
and procession were led to the grave by the priest. The pall- 
bearers were: - Isaac Buchanan, Henry McKinstry, Dr. 
Hamilton, Col. Munro, Col. Jarvis, W. Dickson, T.C. Street, 
J.T. Gilkinson and Col. Webster." 

Also from the Spectator on the same day. 

"It was currently reported last evening that Sir Allan's 
Will provided he should be buried according to Roman 
Catholic rites. To this Statement we have received the 
following contradiction, which we publish at the request of 

Page No. 104 SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB 



Hon. J.H. Cameron - who read the will - Hon. Chancellor 
Vankoughmet, and others:" 

"It is not true that there was any provision in the will of 
Sir Allan MacNab providing for his burial except that his 
body should be buried between his two wives. Mrs. 
MacNab (his sister-in-law) was appointed executrix of the 
will, and as such was entitled to the management of the 
internment; by her direction the body was interred with the 
rites of the Roman Catholic Church, and the large number 
of persons who had come from long distances to attend the 
funeral, left "Dundum" without following the body to the 
grave; - not because Sir A. N. MacNab was a Roman 
Catholic, but because by a species of fraud, he was buried 
as such, when he had died declaring himself a member of 
the Church of England." 

Many years later the City of Hamilton purchased Dundum Castle 
for a city park. The bodies buried in the MacNab plot were disinterred 
and reburied in city cemeteries. The Roman Catholic authorities 
claimed the body of Sir Allan MacNab, and were supposed to inter 
him in Holy Sepulchre Cemetery. If this were done, the body lies in 
an unmarked grave, a pitiful end for an outstanding leader of this 
country. As a Masonic leader he left very much to be desired. His 
lack of knowledge of the Craft and its working did unmeasurable 
harm but he was one of the Soldiers, Statesmen and Freemasons, of 
early Canadian history. 



SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB Page No. 105 



SIR ALLAN NAPIER MacNAB 
SOLDIER, STATESMAN and FREEMASON 

Review #7 by 
Rod. J. Connor 

This paper reviews the life of an early Canadian who had an 
impact on Upper Canada in the first half of the 19th Century. Most 
of his life was spent in the service of his country through military 
service and as a legislator. 

Involvement in the military was almost a mandatory part of early 
aduh life, and Allan MacNab began his involvement at what would 
be termed the proper age for his time, the age of 14 years. He seems 
to have progressed well from his start in 1812 to the Rebellions of 
1837. While his rank is not mentioned in the paper, he appears to 
have been a fairly high ranked officer to be controlling the actions in 
the Toronto, Hamilton, London and Niagra regions. 

Indeed, his leadership during this time was recognized by his 
being knighted by Queen Victoria. As well, in 1859 he received the 
Honourary rank of Colonel in the British Army and Honourary Aide- 
de-Camp to her Majesty Queen Victoria. 

In 1 8 1 5 he started his political career as an articled clerk in the 
law office of the Attorney General of Upper Canada. He must have 
been a diligent student because in 11 years he went from clerk to 
being called to the bar. That same year, 1826, he moved to Hamilton 
where he set up his law practice. His impact on the community was 
sufficient to be elected four years later to represent the County of 
Wentworth in the Legislative Assembly. 

Again, his personality led to his election as Speaker of the 
Assembly in 1837, a position he held until the union of Upper and 
Lower Canada in 1 84 1 . 

In 1854 these leadership qualities of Sir Allan Napier MacNab 
played an important part in the formation of the Liberal-Conservative 
Alliance and resulted in his selection as the Premier of Canada. Poor 
health led to his retirement as Premier after two years in office and. 

Page No. 106 SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB 



a year later, to his surrendering his seat in the House. By 1859 his 
health having improved, he travelled to England and stayed until the 
spring of 1860. On his return to Canada he was reelected to the 
Legislative Council, but after the first session he returned to his home 
in Hamilton. 

During the last third of his life span. Masonry played a part of 
the activities of this involved Canadian, hiitiated into St. Andrew's 
Lodge Toronto, in December 1841, he was passed and raised in 
Barton Lodge, Hamilton, in January and December of 1842. 

From the paper we learn just how lax the Grand Lodge of 
Scotland and England were, by making a Fellowcraft a Provincial 
Grand Master in one case, and a two year Master Mason a District 
Grand Master in another. Allan MacNab made little use of these 
positions until the Masons of his District started to push for a separate 
body. Even then he took little part or action in the formation of the 
Grand Lodge of Canada. Indeed he held on to his commission from 
the Grand Lodge of England until 1857 when the Third Provincial 
Grand Lodge (English Registry) was dissolved and the Ancient Grand 
Lodge of Canada was formed with him as Grand Master. 

The following year, 1858, the Ancient Grand Lodge of Canada 
was united with the Grand Lodge of Canada. This must have been 
considered a defeat to Sir Allan Napier MacNab as he never again 
entered a Masonic Lodge. 

As a Masonic Leader he had a far softer impact than he had as 
a soldier or as a statesman. 

On August 8, 1862, Sir Allan Napier MacNab died at his home 
"Dundum" in Hamilton. Even his death made a stir as he was buried 
as a Roman Catholic, though being a declared a Church of England 
adherent. 

This short review of the life of a Canadian, probably best known 
in the Hamilton area as "The Laird of Dundum", does not cover the 
ftall details of his life. Nor would one expect it to as it is directed to 
three specific aspects of his life. 



SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB Page No. 107 



As this is my first critique of any kind (and probably my last), 
I wish to give personal reaction to this paper. 

The title indicated three phases of the life of Sir Allan Napier 
MacNab, but they are mixed up, jumping from one to the other. This 
would be fme if we went year by year through his life, but that 
doesn't seem to be the case. The content is fme, although a sorting 
out would make it easier to follow. 

My two main criticisms are: 

1) too much is made of the Roman Catholic internment, 
probably engineered by his sister-in-law. This detracts from 
the theme of the paper and, to me, adds little to the know- 
ledge or enjoyment of the presentation. 

2) the comment at the conclusion about his lack of impact 
on Masonry is correct, but should there not have been some 
assessment of his contributions in the political and military 
fields? 



Review #2 by 
W. James Curtis 

Brother King has given to us a well researched overview of a 
paper of our Masonic history which we might prefer to overlook when 
considering the story of our past. 

This paper presents a sorry tale of a neglected opportunity that 
could have established MacNab firmly among the esteemed founders 
of Freemasonry in Canada. 

We respect him as a man of valour and military achievement, a 
colourftil personality, but he does not eam our affection as a brother 
in our noble art, because Masonry clearly did not strike a responsive 
chord in his heart. 

The prominent position which he occupied was due to the 
unhappy circumstances surrounding the condition of Masonry between 

Page No. 108 SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB 



1840 to 1845. He was chosen because of his social influence that 
would command the Craft to the outside world. 

The paper touches briefly on his ancestry, and it would have 
been of interest to learn more of his personal pedigree and where the 
family originated, given that such information is discoverable. 
Personal family history always has a fascination and sometimes gives 
clues as to character. 

There is little that is controversial in this factual paper, and 
criticism of those facts is inappropriate where they are not held in 
dispute. 

The mysterious conversion to Catholicism on his death bed 
appears to have been engineered by others, rather by his own desire. 
It can be speculated if his religious convictions were in any way 
weakened by the tragic death of his only son, who needlessly lost his 
life by the accidental discharge of his gun while leaping across a 
stream which then existed near the comer of Hughson and Augusta 
Streets in Hamilton. This would not seem to be the case, as he 
maintained church attendance until the end. 

We are greatful to Brother King for assembling the facts into a 
usefixl biography, even if it leaves a feeling of sadness that such a 
great opportunity for Masonic service was neglected by one of 
undoubted leadership ability. 



SIR ALLAN NAPIER MACNAB Page No. 109 



^^^^^^■^ 



WILLIAM B* SIMPSON 

3rd GRAND MASTER 

by 
Rt. Wor* Bro. J. Max Laushway 



Saturday, May 28th, 1994 

True Britons Lodge # 14 

Perth, Ontario 



Personal Life 



William B. Simpson was bom of English parentage, on July 26, 
1818, at Augusta, Upper Canada. He became a Collector of Customs, 
serving at Brockville, Kingston and in 1876 he was moved to 
Montreal, where he worked until his retirement in 1882. 

M.W. Bro. William B. Simpson died at his residence. Home- 
wood, Coteau du Lac, Quebec, on Sunday, 3rd of June 1883. He was 
buried with all the honours which Masonry can bestow. The Funeral 
was conducted by the Grand Lodge of Quebec, attended largely by the 
members of our Fraternity. 

Masonic Career 

William B. Simpson was initiated in Sussex Lodge in Brockville 
Ontario, on March 2, 1853. He received the 2nd degree on March 23, 
1853 and raised to the M.M. degree on may 18, 1853. While he was 
not invested into an office until Jan. 11, 1854 when he was invested 
as Senior Warden. He assumed many offices prior to that investiture. 
He was installed as Worshipful Master, on Feb. 8, 1854. His keen 
interest in Masonry was readily apparent from the very start of his 
Masonic Career and during his two years as W.M.. Sussex Lodge held 
some forty meetings at which he presided. This was a substantial 
increase in the number of meetings normally held by this Lodge. 

By a resolution on June 27, 1855, W. Bro. Simpson was voted 
Page No. 110 WILLIAM B. SIMPSON 



as the delegate to represent Sussex Lodge at the Provincial Grand 
Lodge meeting that was held in Hamilton on July 19, 1855. It was at 
this meeting that the seeds of discontent became very strong and as 
a result, a large number of delegates attended an informal meeting to 
express their views. W. Bro. Simpson presented a resolution which 
was passed unanimously that a meeting be called for Oct. 10, 1855 in 
Hamilton to take into consideration the advisability of establishing an 
independent Grand Lodge of Canada. This was the start of our Grand 
Lodge. 

Bro. Simpson was given the responsibility of serving as the 
D.D.G.M. of Central District at that October meeting and remained in 
that office from Oct. 1855, until Oct. 1860, at which time he was 
installed as D.G.M., and presided in this office from 1860 to 1863. He 
was elected and installed an Grand Master, in 1863 and was our 
Grand Master for two years. 

Other Branches 

Bro. Simpson was exalted in Ancient Frontenac Chapter, Royal 
Arch Masonry at Kingston in 1856, and was installed a Knight 
Templar in High de Payens Preceptory at Kingston in 1857. He was 
elected and installed their Em. Commander in 1864. 

He served in a number of different offices in the Great Priory of 
Canada. In 1877 he held the offices of Provincial Prior of Quebec as 
well as the Chairman of the Grand Council. In 1878 he was elected 
and installed as the Grand Sub-Prior as well as President. 

Character 

The written material in the minutes and reports indicate that M. 
Wor. Bro. Simpson was an adherent student of Masonry and when 
there was a need to discharge censure he was most forceful in doing 
so. Even though he may not have agreed with the policy, he carried 
out his responsibility in accordance with the Grand Lodge's interpret- 
ation of the Constitution. He had absolutely no sense of guih or 
remorse in conveying his feeling as well as his opinion of the 
difference in interpretation, to his Superiors in office. 



WILLIAM B. SIMPSON Page No. 11 1 



It is very apparent that he was a firm advocate of that which was 
written about him. One of out Masonic Historians stated, "He was an 
unflinching exponent of whatever he beheved to be right and never 
yielded to expediency to gain a Httle temporary popularity". 

Concerns 

Bro. Simpson was very forth-right in his opinions and expressed 
those opinions in the various reports he made to Grand Lodge. In 
some of these reports he expressed concerns on various subjects, such 
as the poor advancement of Masonry in his jurisdiction. He cited 
conditions in his own Lodge as an example. On another occasion he 
indicated that the progress of the Order in his District may not have 
been as great as in other Districts. He believed that it was favourable, 
considering that many of the old Masons were adherents of the 
Provincial Grand Lodge of Canada West. He indicated that as time 
advances much of the rancorous feelings which hereafter existed 
would soften down. 

His reports indicate that the work practised in this District with 
limited exception, is that formerly known as Ancient York or Athol, 
but now better known as the United States Work. Even though he 
believed that it was the oldest of the two, he did not think it could be 
compared in all parts to the English Work, and expressed his opinion 
that the English or Modem Work should become the standard. 

There was an occasion when there was a need to censure two 
Lodges, one for balloting on a candidate that had just previously been 
rejected by another Lodge, and second for opening and conducting 
general business in the 3rd degree. He used these instances to point 
out the need for by-laws and a constitution to be updated. To add 
credence to this, he cited that some by-laws infringed on a brother's 
rights. He also pointed out that the committee never met, thus 
indicating the need to revise that Constitution of Grand Lodge. 

Recommendations 

In the reports prepared by Bro. Simpson, recommendations were 
offered that, when used, could be of assistance in remedying some of 
the short-comings that he felt existed in the Grand Lodge. He offered 

Page No. 1 12 WILLIAM B. SIMPSON 



that while the D.D.G.M.'s did all that was in their power to instruct 
the Lodges. Many were engaged in professional or mercantile 
pursuits. It would be utterly impossible for them, without detriment 
to their private affairs, to devote the time and attention to their 
Masonic duties which the instruction of the Craft required. He went 
on to strongly recommend, to appoint one or two Grand Lecturers. 
This would be the best means of doing so, and that some adequate 
plan be arranged for their remuneration. The shortage of finances 
prohibited this fi"om being acceptable. 

Bro. Simpson recommended that a committee be appointed by 
the Grand Body to draw up and offer guidance to all Craft Lodges as 
to that which would be proper to be in their by-laws. He also 
indicated that the Constitution be revised, and made available to the 
Craft. 

While it was not a recommendation, Bro. Simpson expressed a 
hope that a Grand Lodge of North America could be formed with 
Provincial Grand Lodges in each province. 

Achievements 

As M.W. Bro. Simpson was a very strong and active member of 
our Grand Lodge during the first eleven years after it was formed, 
five years as D.D.G.M., four as D.G.M. and two as G.M., it is natural 
that his achievements could be many. 

As the delegate for Sussex Lodge at a Provincial Grand Lodge 
meeting at Hamilton, he offered a suggestion that a convention should 
be called for Ont. 10, 1855 for the purpose of considering the 
propriety of forming a Grand Lodge. This resulted in the Grand Lodge 
of Canada in the Province of Ontario. 

During his tour of duty many Lodges forwarded their by-laws to 
Grand Lodge for approval. The entire Constitution was revised, 
printed and made available for the Craft. 

In 1863 it was moved and resolved that the sum of fifteen 
hundred pounds of the general ftinds of Grand Lodge be specially set 
apart for the purpose of forming a ftind for benevolence, and that only 

WILLIAM B. SIMPSON Page No. 11 3 



interest accrued, to be available for charitable purposes, and this to be 
distributed by a Committee to be appointed by Grand Lodge. The sum 
actually deposited was $6,000.00, but because the interest earned 
proved to be inadequate, it was augmented as early as 1865 by a 
transfer from the General Fund. The actual sum expended that year 
was $340.00. 

As M.W. Bro. Simpson was called on to make many rulings 
during his term as G.M. he deemed it appropriate to convey these 
rulings to all Lodges so they could have the benefit of the Grand 
Master's rulings. 

M.W. Bro. Simpson achieved the distinction of having a group 
of brethren present a prayer that they might be allowed to form a 
Lodge and the name of the Lodge be Simpson Lodge, and that it hold 
its meetings in Newboro. It is now 157 on the registry of Grand 
Lodge. 

During his tour as G.M. he achieved the honour of laying a 
Cornerstone. The building being one that was built by a member of 
one of the concordant bodies that he belonged to. Part of this building 
was set apart as a meeting place for the Masonic and concordant 
bodies in Kingston Ont.. If any Mason desires to see this building, go 
to the market square in Kingston and look to the West, you will 
observe the words MASONIC BUILDING, at the top of one of the 
buildings on the west side of the street. The Kingston Masons no 
longer meet there. 

Testimonial 

His personality and leadership ability had to be beyond reproach 
as the testimonial given to him by M.W. Bro. Daniel Spry, G.M. in 
1883, indicates the high esteem that was held for M.W. Bro. Simpson 
by the officers of Grand Lodge. 

"Our late brother's management of the affairs of the Grand 
Lodge during his term of office was marked by the highest regard for 
the principles of the Craft, and a firm adherence to what is considered 
right. As a Freemason he was respected, as a citizen he was honoured 
for his upright character and personal worth, and in Grand Lodge he 

Page No. 114 WILLIAM B. SIMPSON 



will be remembered with his respected predecessors, M.W. Bros. 
W.M. Wilson, W.H. Wellar, and T. Douglas Harington". 

Reference sources 



History of the Grand Lodge of Canada 


115-116 


Whence Come We 


210 


Papers of the C.M.R.A 226 




Old Minutes of Sussex Lodge #5 




Grand Lodge Proceedings 1858 


29 


1859 


58-59 


1861 


151-152 


1864 


540-541 


1865 


27-33 


1866 


129-131 



Proceedings of the Grand Priory of Canada 



WILLIAM B. SIMPSON Page No. 115 



WILLIAM B. SIMPSON 
OUR 3rd GRAND MASTER 

Review #7 by 

Donald R. Thornton 

(Kingston Ont.) 

Wor. Master, members and visitors to Heritage Lodge: 

I thank R. W. Bro. Robert Throop for the invitation to review R. 
W. Bro. J. M. Laushway's paper on William Benjamin Simpson. 

I approach this task with trepidation, not being a scholar nor 
having the benefit of formal training in this type of work. Fortunately 
guidelines were published in past Proceedings of this Lodge. The 
report Masonic Papers - A Real Concer by R.W. Bro. Jack Pos (Vol. 
13, 1989-1990, pages 112 - 123) provide an overview of the process 
and standards expected in papers presented to this lodge. Bro. Pos's 
comments led to and article by R.W. Bro. Wallace McLeod - 
Preparing a Paper for presentation in the Heritage Lodge, (Vol. 7, 
1983-1984, pages 4-19). Bro. Prof McLeod provides a detailed map 
for us amateurs to follow in preparing research papers. This review of 
R.W.Bro. J.M. Laushway's paper is made keeping their learned 
comments in mind. 

R.W.Bro. J.M. Laushway must be thanked for his efforts in 
preparing and presenting this paper. It fulfills the simple rule, 
recounted by McLeod, regarding the presentation of such papers, - 
"that it pleases and instructs." 

hi his final address as Grand Master to Grand Lodge, (Proceed- 
ings of Uth Communications, July 12, 1866, pages 125 - 132) 
M.W.Bro. Simpson made special mention of "the eventful times we 
live in". He did indeed live in and guide Freemasonry through 
eventful times. He began his Masonic career near the end of the 
Morgan affair and the devastating Anti-Masonic period. Many years 
of neglect by the Grand Lodge of England had caused frustration, 
indecision, discontent, ineffective management and conflict in Lodges 
throughout British North America. Not only were Freemasons cutting 
their apron strings from the Mother Grand Lodge of England, but 

Page No. 116 WILLIAM B. SIMPSON 



political leaders in North America were also negotiating independence 
from England. A year after his terrti as Grand Master Confederation 
was proclaimed with Bro. Sir John A. MacDonald as the first Prime 
Minister. Simpson is listed as living in Kingston, C.W. during his 
term as D.G.M. (8th Communication, pg. 370) and most likely would 
have met MacDonald at (The Ancient) St. John's Lodge (#3). 

It was also eventful timing for society as a whole. The temper- 
ance movement was beginning - though Sir John A. would not have 
been a part of it. Transportation was by horse power, as well as lake 
and river steamer. In 1856 The Grand Trunk Railway was completed 
between Montreal and Toronto thus making Simpson's trips to Grand 
Lodge meetings quicker and easier. Simpson deplored the Fenian 
Raids of 1866 which carried the Irish problem to Canada (and 128 
years later it is still a problem). Relations with the United States were 
not good and he expressed great concern regarding the American Civil 
War (1861 - 1865) then raging south of the border. Queen Victoria 
was on the throne in England. In Europe Napoleon III, Bismark, The 
Tsar of Russia and Various other courts kept Europe in a constant 
state of war. The Indian mutiny and the opening of Japan were in the 
news. 

The Lodge now known as Sussex #5 had been in darkness, with 
no meeting recorded, from Dec. 5, 1827 to August 25, 1852 (St. 
Lawrence District - Then and Now 1787 - 1987, GPs 42 - 43). This 
situation was likely the result of the "Morgan Affair" and the wide 
spread Anti-Masonic movement throughout North America {The Great 
William Morgan Mystery - R.V Harris, Papers of the Canadian 
Masonic Research Assoc, Vol. 2, pg. 799). A few months after 
reopening in 1853, the year Bro. Simpson was initiated, the Lodge 
moved into rented facilities and 2 years later, in 1855, during his 
second term as Master, he led a second move to rented rooms in a 
newly erected building in Brockville. 

William B, Simpson joined Sussex #9 (5) at the age of 34 and 
advanced from Entered Apprentice to the chair of Grand Master in a 
period of eleven (11) years. What were the circumstances or con- 
ditions which existed in his Lodge, the community and Grand Lodge 
during those times - conditions which might explain his rapid progress 
in Freemasonry? Unfortunately there is little information regarding his 

WILLIAM B. SIMPSON Page No. 117 



family background, education, early employment, religious affiliation, 
financial status or social standing other than he succeeded his father 
as Collector of Customs upon his father's death. He notes in his 1859 
Report as D.D.G.M. that - "I was summoned to New York in May 
and detained there until the 6th of June attending to my sick father." 
{Proceedings of Grand Lodge of Canada, 1859, pg. 306). 

W.B. Simpson was invested as Senior Warden in January 1854, 
eight months after being initiated, and "after having served in a 
number of offices"?! and less than one month later was installed as 
W.M. on Feb. 8, 1854 and served for 2 years. Did the Lodge have 
him serve as Warden to fiilfill the requirements that a Master must 
have served as Warden? Wm. Mercer Wilson, as Grand Master, issued 
to Simpson, as Won Master, the Warrant to Sussex No. 3 granted by 
Wm. Jarvis, Deputy Grand Master of Upper Canada, under the 
jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of England. 

R.W.Bro. Laushway notes the laying of the Comer Stone of an 
early Masonic Building in Kingston. The Proceedings of Saturday, 
June 24, 1865 (pg. 1-5) record as especial communication of Grand 
Lodge in Montreal at which M.W.Bro. Simpson officiated at the 
laying of the Comer Stone of the new Masonic Building on the comer 
of Notre dame St. and Place D'Arms, it being the Festival of St. John 
the Baptiste. His speech that day, to a general audience, dwelt on the 
nature of the craft and promoted its principles and high ideas, not 
unlike Masonic public relations talks we hear 130 years later. 

R.W.Bro. Laushway briefly mentions Simpson's involvement 
with the formation os Simpson Lodge at Newboro on the Rideau 
Canal. The Warrant for Simpson Lodge, 157 was issued on July 14, 
1863 and signed by R.W.Bro. Simpson as D.G.M. and it is assumed 
that the Lodge was named in his honour. The first meeting of the 
Lodge was not held until four years later, on July 14, 1867. At its 
meeting in Newboro in November of 1867 The Lodge adopted the 
By-Laws of Sussex #5, Brockville as the By-Laws of Simpson Lodge. 
Considering R.W.Bro. Simpson's campaign for uniformity in Lodge 
By-Laws (as recorded in the Poceedings of Grand Lodge) it is 
assumed that he played a leading role in writing the By-Laws of his 
Mother Lodge and considered them a fine model for all Lodges. 
M.W.Bro. was made an honourary member of Simpson Lodge in 

Page No. 1 18 WILLIAM B. SIMPSON 



1868. M.W.Bro. Howard O. Polk is also a member of this Lodge 
{History of Simpson Lodge, 157, 1967 and 1992). Simpson Lodge still 
has a fondness for Grand Lodge and holds a popular "Grand Lodge 
Night" each spring to honour both local and visiting G.L. Officers. 

It is hoped that, in time,we may add to the biograghy of this 
man, find out what made him special. After all, he was special. From 
the old Proceedings it can be seen that he had a direct involvement 
in developing much of the material and procedures still used in out 
Lodges and in Grand Lodge. We are indebted to R.W.Bro. Laushway 
for shedding light in this important Freemason. 



NOTE: 

Much of the information presented in this review is taken from 
a beautifiilly bound copy of the Proceedings of the Grand Lodge of 
Canada, A.F. & A.M., 1855 to 1866, belonging to the Masonic 
Collection of John Ross Robertson, RG.M. given as a gift to the 
Toronto Public Library and now housed in the library at the Masonic 
Temple in the City of Kingston. 



Review #2 by 
R.W.Bro. A. Glenn L. Blanchard 

It is indeed a rare privilage for me to have the opportunity to 
review this outstanding paper by R.W.Bro. J.M. Laushway and I 
express my deep appreciation to R.W.Bro. Robert S. Throop for 
asking me to do so. 

The fact that M.W.Bro. Simpson was a member of Sussex Lodge 
in Brockville awakens a kindren spirit within me because my late 
father was a faithfial member of Sussex Lodge and my two brothers 
are long time members of that same lodge. 

It is intersting to note that in those early days it did not take long 
for newly initiated Freemasons to advance through the offices of a 
lodge. William B. Simpson was initiatedon March 2, 1853 and less 
than one year later, on Feb. 8, 1854 he was installed as Wor. Master. 
Then in October 1855 he was "given the responsibility of serving as 
the D.D.G.M. of Central District". This speeding advancement 

WILLIAM B. SIMPSON Page No. 119 



indicates his eagerness to serve, his outstanding ability and the 
confidence and respect that his brethren had for him. 

The difficult years of bringing Canada together as a nation are 
also reflected in some of the problems faced by our brethren in the 
jurisdictional disputes that M.W.Bro. Simpson had to address. It 
would be interesting to know how he ever found the time outside of 
his work and family life to devote so much of his time and energy to 
Masonry. 

We are fortunate indeed that Simpson Lodge #157 at Newboro 
in Eastern Ontario was named after him, to commemerate his 
memory. It would certainly be interesting to learn more about his own 
family life. Was he married? Did he have any children? Are there any 
serviving relatives living in the area? Simpson remains a very familiar 
family name in and around Augusta Township. 

R.WBro. Laush way's paper is both timely and appropriate for 
presentation at this time as we look back and reflect on our heritage 
and pay homage to those who worked so hard to promote and 
preserve our fraternity during difficult times before our modem day 
methods of transportation, communications and technology. 

We must never forget those who have gone before and gain as 
much information about them as possible. It would, therefore, be 
interesting to know the exact place where M.W.Bro. Simpson is 
buried in order that those who might be interested could visit his 
grave site. 

{Editor's Note; These are the same sentiments echoed in 
Bro. Ralph 's talk.) 

In this paper we are reminded of the debt of gratitude that we 
owe to former loyal and dedicated brethren like M.W.Bro. W.B. 
Simpson and we express our appreciation to R.W.Bro. W.J. Laushway 
for enriching our knowledge and making us aware of our glorious past 
as we look forward to an uncertain and challenging ftiture. 



Page No. 120 WILLIAM B. SIMPSON 



I 



OUR DEPARTED BRETHREN 

The following names of deceased members of The Heritage Lodge No. 
730, G.R.C., have come to our attention during the past year. In several cases the 
exact date of passing was not known. 

W.Bro. Charles Edward Basley 

Oakville 

Oakville Lodge #400 G.R.C. 

Died September 1992 

V.W.Bro. Gilbert D.W. Beckett 

Ottawa 
Rideau Lodge #595, G.R.C. , 
Died August 6, 1993 

Bro. John W.D. Broughton 

Brighton 

United Lodge # 29, G.R.C. 

Died May 8, 1993 

W.Bro. Harry William Chivers 

Brant ford 

Brant #45, G.R.C. 

Died May 20, 1994 

M.W.Bro. Lou Copeland 

Toronto 

Palestine Lodge #559, G.R.C. 

Died July 24,1993 

W.Bro. Eugene Charlton Gerhart 

Parry Sound 

River Park Lodge #356, G.R.C. 

Died June 9, 1993 

R.W.Bro. Wilfred T. Greenhough 

Cobough 

Lebanon Forest #133, G.R.C. 

St. John's #17, G.R.C. 

Died May 14, 1994 

V.W.Bro. Herbert James Guthrie 

Whitby 

Composite Lodge #30, G.R.C. 

Died May 14, 1994 



FROM TIME IMMEMORIAL Page No. 121 



V.W.Bro. Joseph Hobson 

Burlington 

Buchanan Lodge #550, G.R.C. 

Wellington Square Lodge #725, G.R.C. 

Died April 5, 1994 

V.W.Bro. Albert Langford Lee 

Don Mills 

Fidelity Lodge #575, G.R.C. 

Died March 27, 1993 

V.W.Bro. Robert Arthur Long 

Richmond Hill 

University Lodge #496, G.R.C. 

Died February 11, 1994 

Bro. William Walpole Mitchell 

Hagersville 

Hiram Lodge #319, G.R.C. 

Died December 21, 1993 

Bro. Malcolm Montgomery 

Toronto 

Zeta Lodge #410, G.R.C. 

Died Nov. 26, 1993 

W.Bro. Horace Henry Charles Ross 

Burlington 

Burlington Lodge #165, G.R.C. 

Died April 6, 1994 

Bro. Robert Shearer 

Islington 

Connaught Lodge #501, G.R.C. 

Islington Lodge #715, G.R.C. 

Died February 17, 1994 

W.Bro. Dr. James John Talman 

Toronto 

University Lodge #496, G.R.C. 

Died Nov. 22, 1993 

W.Bro. Carmen Lawrence Trenholm 

Burlington 

Wellington Square Lodge #725, G.R.C. 

Restigouche Lodge #25, G.R.N.B. 

Died August 11, 1993 

Page No. 122 FROM TIME IMMEMORIAL 



GRAND LODGE OFFICERS (1993-1994) 

The Most Worshipful the Grand Master 

M.W. Bro. C. Edwin Drew 

5 Scotland Road, 

Agincourt Ontario, MIS 1L5 

The Deputy Grand Master 

R.W.Bro. Durwood 1. Greenwood 

Box 10 
Grand Valley, Ontario, LON IGO 

The Grand Secretary 

M.W. Bro. Robert E. Davies 

P.O. Box 217 
Hamilton Ontario, L8N 3C9 

THE HERITAGE LODGE OFFICERS (1993-1994) 

Worshipful Master W.Bro. David G. Fletcher 

Immediate Past Master W.Bro. Stephen H. Maizels 

Senior Warden R.W.Bro. Kenneth L. Whiting 

Junior Warden W.Bro. Thomas Crowley 

Chaplain R.W.Bro. Cerwyn Davies 

Treasurer R.W.Bro. Duncan J. McFadgen 

Secretary W.Bro. Donald D. Thornton 

Assistant Secretary V.W.Bro. George P. Moore 

Senior Deacon R.W.Bro. Larry J. Hostine 

Junior Deacon W.Bro. George Napper 

Director of Ceremonies R.W.Bro. Frank G. Dunn 

Inner Guard R.W.Bro. E. (Ted) Burton 

Senior Steward W.Bro. Gordon L. Finbow 

Junior Steward W.Bro. P. Raymond Borland 

Organist 

Historian 

Tyler W.Bro. Donald L. Cosens 

Auditors R.W.Bro. Kenneth G. Bartlett 

R.W.Bro. M. Keith McLean 



OFFICERS, CHAIRMEN, ETC. Page No. 123 



COMMITTEE CHAIRMEN 

Archivist & Curator R.W.Bro. Edmund V. Ralph 

Editor W.Bro. John F. Sutherland 

Masonic Information R.W.Bro. Robert Throop 

Librarian R.W.Bro. Capt. John Storey 

Finance and By-laws R.W.Bro. Albert A. Barker 

Membership W.Bro. Nelson King 

Black Creek Masonic Heritage R.W.Bro. Bums Anderson 

Liaskas Paintings R.W.Bro. Frank G. Dunn 

Annual Banquet W.Bro. Thomas Crowley 



PAST MASTERS 

1977 & 1978 R.W.Bro. Jacob Pos 

1979 R.W.Bro. Keith R.A. Flynn 

1980 R.W.Bro. Donald G.S. Grinton 

1981 M.W.Bro. Ronald E. Groshaw 

1982 V.W.Bro. George E. Zwicker 

1983 R.W.Bro. Balfour LeGresley 

1984 M.W.Bro. David C. Bradley 

1985 M.W.Bro. C. Edwin Drew 

1986 R.W.Bro. Robert S. Throop 

1987 R.W.Bro. Albert A. Barker 

1988 R. W.Bro. Edmund C. Steen 

1989 R.W.Bro. Edmund V. Ralph 

1990 V.W.Bro. Donald B. Kaufman 

1991 R.W.Bro. Wilfred T. Greenhough 

1992 R.W.Bro. Frank G. Dunn 

1993 W.Bro. Stephen H. Maizels 



Page No. 124 OFFICERS, CHAIRMEN, ETC. 




^^^^ m. 



UnBHtutfb: BtpUmbtrZl, 1977 
Qlonijmutci): ^qntmbtr 23. 197B 

S^ppUcution for ^ffiUation 



To the 'WoTshvpfut ?A.asitT, 'Wardens and 'Bretfiren of 'The P^hiage Lodge 9{p. 
730, of the Qrand Lodge of !A.7. & !AM. of Canada, in the 'Provinu of Ontario. 
I, of 



(print name in full) 



'Postal Code 



(complete mailing address) 
Telephone ( ) 



in the County of ^ 

Occupation 

Being a 



in the (Province of Ontario 



'Date of 'Birth 



Mason, and desirous of Becoming a memBer of The 



(fuU 'Masonic ran^ 
!Hentage Lodge 'Hp- 730, do declare as foCCows: 

I am not in deBt to any Lodge for dues or otherwise. 



I was initiated Passed and ^ised in 

CDate) 



Loc^e 9{p. 



at 



under the jurisdiction of the 



Qrand Lodge of ^ 



and am in good 'Masonic standing. I 

am now / was Cast, a member of Lodge 9{p. 

'DaUd at this day of 19 



Signature in full ^ 



^commended By: 1 Bro. 



(name) 



2 Bro. 



(name) 



The ^Heritage Lodge 9{o.730 



The Heritage Lodge 'Mq.730 



Page No. 1 25 



TO THE HERITAGE LODGE NO. 730, G.R.C. 



CERTIFICATION OF MEMBERSHIP 



I, , the secretary 

of Lodge No. G.R.C., 

located in , Ontario, do hereby certify 

that Bro. is a member in 

good standing of this Lodge as of this date. 



DATE SECRETARY 



Page No. 1 26 



^^Pi^**¥"^W^^^^^^^^^^^ 



THE HERITAGE LODGE NO. 730 
A.R & A.M., G.R.C. 

Instituted: September 21, 1977 
Constituted: September 23, 1978 



APPLICATION FOR CORRESPONDING SUBSCRIBER 

To the Worshipful Master, Wardens and Brethren of The Heritage 
Lodge No. 730, of the Grand Lodge ofA.F. & A.M. of Canada, in the 
Province of Ontario. 

Please accept this application for Corresponding Subscriber to 
the Regular Proceedings of The Heritage Lodge No. 730. I enclose 
herewith remittance in the amount of $15.00 Cdn for the year ending 
August 31st, 199 . 

I am currently a member in good standing of: 

{Name ana Number or Loage, uorary or otner Masonic body) 

Located at ^ ^,_^_, ,,_____ 

(uny/iown) JProviriceTSfafe) (uounty) 

Under the jurisdiction of the Grand Lodge of: _,„^_^_^^__,.__,__^ 

(Name ot Urand Lodge) 

Dated at this day of 19 

Signature in full and Masonic Rank: 

Signature of Sponsor * , 

(Name and No. or Lodge) 

* Sponsor may be Secretary or Worshipful Master of Applicant s 
Lodge, or a member of The Heritage Lodge. Please note the connection 
adjacent to Sponsor s signature. 

NOTE: Please print below in 'BLOCK LETTERS' the full name of 
Corresponding Subscriber, and the complete mailing address. 

(Name ot Uorresponding Subscriber) 
(Utreet Address) 

(City/ lown) (Province / State) (Hostal / Zip Code) 

(uountry) 



Page No. 1 27 



I